Linux popularity across the globe

The Linux landscape is constantly changing and has a strong community of both developers and users. But where is Linux the most popular, and where are the different Linux distributions the most popular?

To try to answer these questions, we have looked at data from Google with the highly useful Insights for Search, which gave us a number of interesting and often surprising results.

Aside from just looking at Linux itself, we have included eight common Linux distributions in this survey: Ubuntu, OpenSUSE, Fedora, Debian, Red Hat, Mandriva, Slackware and Gentoo.

(We use both Ubuntu and Red Hat here at Pingdom, so of course we had to include those two!)

How we determined popularity

To have a way to judge popularity, we have looked at where a specific search term is most popular, i.e. how likely it is for someone in a region (country or state) to search for that specific term, for example “Linux” or “Ubuntu”. Google calls this “regional interest”.

If a high proportion of the searches in a country are for the term “Linux”, this should also indicate that Linux is popular in that country, or at least that there is a high interest in Linux.

Linux popularity globally

On a global level, the interest in Linux seems to be the strongest in India, Cuba and Russia, followed by the Czech Republic and Indonesia (and Bangladesh, which has the same regional interest level as Indonesia). The first Western country when looking at regional popularity is Germany which is the 10th country in regards to search popularity for Linux.

Linux popularity map

Linux popularity in the United States

In the United States, interest appears significantly stronger in Utah and California than the rest of the country. California’s high position is understandable, considering it is the home of Silicon Valley, but we are not sure why the interest for Linux is even higher in Utah. Perhaps some of our readers might shed some light on this?

Linux popularity map USA

You can dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Linux here.

Global popularity of the different Linux distributions

As mentioned in the introduction, we looked at eight common distributions: Ubuntu, OpenSUSE, Fedora, Debian, Red Hat, Mandriva, Slackware and Gentoo.

Some interesting observations
  • Ubuntu is most popular in Italy and Cuba.
  • OpenSUSE is most popular in Russia and the Czech Republic.
  • Red Hat is most popular in Bangladesh and Nepal.
  • Debian is most popular in Cuba.
  • Cuba is in the top five (interest-wise) of three of the eight distributions in this survey.
  • Indonesia is in the top five of four of the distributions.
  • Russia and the Czech Republic are in the top five of five of the distributions.
  • The United States is not in the top five of any of the distributions.

Note again that when we say “popular” here, we mean how popular the search term is. After all, this is based on Google search data.

It might also be worth pointing out that the results are normalized, so the size of each region is removed as a factor. In other words, everything is in proportion to the size of the region (the total number of searches in that region, we assume). That means that larger regions are not favored over small, as would be the case otherwise.

Now on to the results for the individual Linux distributions.


Ubuntu popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Ubuntu:

  1. Italy
  2. Cuba
  3. Indonesia
  4. Norway
  5. Czech Republic

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Ubuntu here.


OpenSUSE popularity map

Countries with highest interest in OpenSUSE:

  1. Russia
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Moldova
  4. Germany
  5. Indonesia

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for OpenSUSE here.


Fedora popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Fedora:

  1. Sri Lanka
  2. Bangladesh
  3. India
  4. Nepal
  5. Zimbabwe

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Fedora here.


Debian popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Debian:

  1. Cuba
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Germany
  4. Belarus
  5. Russia

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Debian here.

Red Hat

Red Hat popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Red Hat:

  1. Bangladesh
  2. Nepal
  3. Sri Lanka
  4. India
  5. Cuba

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Red Hat here.


Madriva popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Mandriva:

  1. Russia
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Poland
  4. France
  5. Indonesia

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Mandriva here.


Slackware popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Slackware:

  1. Bulgaria
  2. Indonesia
  3. Brazil
  4. Russia
  5. Poland

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Slackware here.


Gentoo popularity map

Countries with highest interest in Gentoo:

  1. Russia
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Belarus
  4. Moldova
  5. Estonia

Dig deeper into Google’s search statistics for Gentoo here.


Linux has a lot of distributions (though Ubuntu is currently dominating the scene according to Distrowatch), but although we only included eight of those distributions it seems clear that many of them are favored by very different regions of the world. In other words, the distribution of the distributions (pardon the pun) is far from uniform.

In general, Linux seems to have a stronger popularity in the East than in the West, with some exceptions (like Cuba). This is perhaps not surprising, considering that it is free software and many of the countries where Linux is most popular have a relatively low income per capita compared to most countries in the West. Or perhaps there is just a stronger focus on free software and Open Source in these regions.

This could also indicate a weaker standing for Windows in the East.

We would love to hear your opinion on the results, especially from Linux users living in the countries mentioned in this survey. Let us know what you think in the comments!


  1. Coming from India, I believe the main reason for the popularity of Red Hat and its derivatives is the importance people give to RHCE and similar certifications. Also the softwares that come with the distro is quite comprehensive. Ubuntu is gaining popularity but the main problem is that the average user is still connected through dialup internet and downloading and installing software using synaptic is not economically feasible.

  2. Both Novell and SCO (formerly Caldera) are based in Utah. Starting with WordPerfect, BYU has a lot of spinoff technology companies.

    I expect elements of the SCO/IBM dispute (which involved Novell) probably got some play in the local press.

  3. Utah has big web hosts -bluehost, hostmonster and westhost to name three, i would suspect that makes for a disproportionate ratio against their population.

  4. Very much happy to know that linux users in Nepal are in leading no. in the world.Myself is also the fan of Fedora. It is quite popular in Nepal.
    Nepal Rocks!

  5. Thanks everyone for the comments so far! Good stuff. 🙂

    @ I Made Wiryana: Thanks for expanding on the situation for Linux in Indonesia. Very interesting.

    @ Chhama Chenkual: Thanks for giving some insight into the situation in India. Sounds like there is some serious studying going on.

    @Binod: Do you know why specifically Fedora is popular in Nepal?

    And thanks also to the people who gave some likely explanations as to why Utah ranked so highly for Linux. We were really curious about that one. If anyone has more theories, please go ahead and post them!

  6. Beside “linux” keyword, “linux server” and “linux desktop” keyword is also popular in Indonesia. At least for now, this keyword is -mostly- on rank #1/#2 compr. with other region.

  7. I’m sure the big numbers for Utah are a side-effect of the SCO lawsuit. SCO and its lawyers had sweatshops full of paralegals working around the clock, desperately scouring the internet for anything they could use in their ill-fated case.

  8. I am agree with I Made Wiryana, Indonesia internet connection is amazing slow and exesive, so we are copying CD/DVD and order online to get the distros..

    my experience 600Mb need 2weeks to download in main city Jakatra, and amazingly dreaming in another city.

  9. I am Indian and i am completely amazed by the results.

    May be this because many of our state governments and state education boards are promoting Linux.

    May be this is because RMS’s many visits.

    Or may be because of Linux’s pure awesomeness.

    Linux Rocks!!.

  10. Well I have taken a RHCE training on Nepal, but Ubuntu is gaining much more popularity in Nepal too. My cousins, their friends are already starting to use Ubuntu. My brother recently wiped out XP (Came with the computer itself) and installed ubuntu. I did help him install him first time now he is loving it. I did not introduce him to Ubuntu. I asked why do you want to install Ubuntu. He said my friends told me. And I asked how did they get. He said they said it was found freely on the internet. Let’s install and see how it feels.

  11. It would be nice if we could distinguish between servers and users’ computers. But I guess that Google has yet to acquire such power 😛

    As an italian I know that Ubuntu is a very popular distro in here, but it’s hard to believe that we are #1. It would be the first time that we are before the other in something good 😛

  12. Honestly, I’m not convinced of the validity of these results as an indicator of Linux use at all—they don’t accord well with other views of Linux use I’ve seen. Many countries and US states that I would expect to see high on the list. It’s hard to believe, for example, that there’s more folks (or a larger percentage?) in New Mexico interested in Linux than in Massachusetts. It’s really hard to believe that Brazil isn’t even in the top 10 worldwide. And so on.

    Reading the Google Insights description of how they calculated these rankings didn’t reveal much actual information. Without knowing where the numbers came from, I have to believe that they’re representing something a little different than (total? per-capita?) interest in the searched terms.

    Actually, on consideration, the results *are* probably per-capita per region. That would explain the anomalous results for countries like Cuba and states like New Mexico: they’re basically chance fluctuations. Utah is big because it has a lot of searches (due to SCO) for its small population.

    Interesting, anyway. Thanks for posting.

  13. I have to side with Bart and I’ve attempted to get similar data using google insights before. Some supporting points
    1. I use Linux professionally, as an engineer I develope the core kernel (usually poring ot new embedded platforms), kernel modules, and applications. I also use it to run mail servers, etc. However I don’t often search for linux related items on google, instead I use a few centralized resources (linux documentation project, mailing lists, linux weekly news).
    2. Different distributions handle online help and documentation differently. This makes a user far less likely to look for help using google, why not go to the distributors home page or call their suppoort line and find help there.

    Anyway, my current feeling is the above factors are so big that it is difficult to determine which distributions are popular in a given region.

  14. becase XO is being popular in Nepal which has Fedora as operating system. Most possibly RHCE can be one of the reasons. Personally i love the look of Fedora.

  15. Utah is big in the Linux scene for a number of reasons:

    1. Novell is headquartered in Provo, Utah. With openSUSE developed there, there is much interest in Linux.
    2. Provo and Orem both have high tech areas. Micron Computer, before being consumed by Intel, brought a massive center there. Many other tech industries are in that area, most of which are Linux based.
    3. ARPANET will developed by the military stationed at Hill Air Force Base in Layton, Utah in conjunction with the University of Utah. Being the precursor to the Internet, there was a lot of research operating systems in the Salt Lake Valley, including Unix and Linux
    4. Weber State University helped pioneer the microprocessor, based out of Ogden, Utah. That university used to have a strong CS department, but it’s since gone the way of Microsoft. They have Linux computer labs all over the campus, usually dual-booting.
    5. BYU and Utah State University have extremely strong technical programs. BYU for research in CS itself, and USU with engineering. Linux, as a research platform, is widely used on both campuses.
    6. This year (in 1 week), will mark the 2nd annual Utah Open Source Conference, Last year was a massive success with several keynotes, and hundreds of attendees. This year is expected to be larger with more sponsors, better keynotes, more presentations and a higher turnout.
    7. SCO, unfortunately, is based in Lindon, Utah. It used to turn out Caldera Linux before Darl McBride took the reigns and began his litigious career. Linux has gained a little popularity due to the lawsuit as a side effect, but not much.
    8. As a result of all the research around the state, LUGs exist everywhere. FSLC, OALUG, SLLUG, PLUG, UVLUG, Ubuntu-Utah, SULUG, BYUUG and more, most with very active membership, active mailing lists and frequent meetings.
    9. We have a very Linux-friendly ISP in Utah- Xmission ( They use Linux internally, promote Linux through their community classes, host Linux mirrors and contribute where they can. Xmission rocks.
    10. As mentioned previously, we have NeverBlock, Bluehost, introPLAY and other web-based or host-based services here in the state, all of which are using Linux as a back-end.

    As such, Linux has a very strong following in Utah, and it’s just growing. I’ve heard, although I can’t verify, that much of the country is basing its tech hub in Salt Lake City. There’s no doubt that many of those services are going to be running Linux. Also, the great amount of tech research in the state, means the need for free licenses, which Linux and the free *BSDs make great platforms for.

    It’s no surprise to me really, that Silicon Valley has less of a following. It has heavy influences from Apple and Sun Microsystems both, as well as plenty of proprietary vendors, such as SanDisk, Borland, Cisco and others.

  16. “4. Weber State University helped pioneer the microprocessor, based out of Ogden, Utah. That university used to have a strong CS department, but it’s since gone the way of Microsoft. They have Linux computer labs all over the campus, usually dual-booting.”

    I go to Weber and sadly it seems the CS department is the weakest department in the school. I believe the linux computers are being phased out as well. Most labs have one or two linux computers in the back collecting dust.

    I find it sad how much the American education system supports corporate software. For example, to graduate at Weber you must take a class that teaches usage of the Microsoft Office Suite or you may test out. You are only required to know how to use specific Microsoft apps and you are not tested on more general computer skills.

  17. Canada:
    Mostly simple. People here can afford to pay the 1000$ to buy a new computer to get Vista. And they don’t want to be told they’d actually have to understand something about their OS. They want fast food for everything, from McDonald’s to Windows, passing by pop fast food music and blockbuster fast food movies.

    Probably the same for the US, but a good product is a popular/mainstream product.

  18. great post so every body will know the power of linux. Do mac computers don come on this group to? Sorry if I Hirt feelings whit this question.

  19. @Bob I guess that’s a common misconception with Linux. My friend (if you count forum users as friends) got me a Ubuntu distro for linux that was as easy as download, install, restart.

    It’s extremely easy to use, runs much faster than XP and has comparable programs to nearly everything I have downloaded for windows.

    But yeah, the stereotype on linux is that it’s the developer/geeks pedestal, which while true, does not make Linux un-user friendly.

    I figure that, at least in Ubuntu’s case the slogan should be “Ubuntu, it just works.”

  20. May be because only slightly technically sound people use linux, atleast in India, that there is this bias. Only technically sound people will actually google to find solutions to OS problems. The rest (read windows users) mostly just call in their usual tech support person (a relative or a friend) to solve it. Concluding that the market share for OSes will still indicate M$ at a much higher number in India! 🙁

  21. Access to Internet in Cuba is severely restricted by the state. Only an insignificant percentage of population can actually use Internet and only so if they can justify it’s use for work (and it has to be government related work on top of that). This means that a disproportionally large percentage of searches probably originates from IT employees working for the government.

  22. I think Utah is a good location for redundant operations. It is well connected and not near the ocean. This provides more protection from certain weather based disasters. Also, they may be more seasonal, California problems could be summer related, while Utah problems could be winter related. Having a datacenter in both states would be a good choice for large business.

  23. How could you have avoided plugging “Windows” and “OS X” into Google’s Insight? I’m showing that the top five for “Windows” is:

    1. India
    2. Sri Lanka
    3. Mauritius
    4. Cuba
    5. Russian Federation

    The U.S. is not even in the top ten! What a lark.

  24. Nepal is popular on Red Hat and Fedora. That’s true. Most of them used by Universities, SMEs, Service Providers, Corporates/Banks and such. The popularity of Ubuntu has recently gone up with the advent of localization effort from the students and researchers.

    Thanks Pingdom, for this article. I tried Google Insights for BSD (Free/Open) and saw none beats the Russian Federation. Just wondering why the United States doesn’t embrace BSD as much as they should be really doing – considering the robust stack it claims to have. Moreover, its development started from Berkeley too!

  25. I don’t think the Linux interest in Utah has much to do with the SCO/IBM litigation as most people think it does. If you dig down to the U.S. in all of the distro results, you’ll find that Utah tops #1 on the list with every single one of these distros except for Redhat and Slackware. It’s obvious that Novell does have a huge impact on the numbers seeing as how Utah has a 200% lead over #2 for OpenSUSE, but Utah also takes #1 for Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, Mandriva, and Gentoo. I don’t think that any of those could have anything to do with SCO/IBM.

    It comes down to the points that Aaron Toponce listed.

  26. Hello, I’m from Germany and I’m quite happy to known that Germany is the first western country concerning linux interest. From the article I even seem to be able to conclude I fit nicely into the german pattern as germans seem to be interested in Debian Linux the most (according to the 3rd rank in this article which actually turned out to be an 5th rank when I was digging deeper into the local interests myself ;D). However, assuming this is a good indicator for the actual number of linux users it’s … well, at least it’s not that delightful as you won’t be able to find any linux user out there on the streets. However, it’s significantly better in university, at least in the department of physics approximmately 20% of the students actually use linux and farther 20% of the students use Macs.

    PS: Sorry for my (very, very, veeeeery) bad english, but it’s late and … well, I had some beers before ;D

  27. Most of the searches from Utah for various versions of Linux are just Darl McBride and his assistants scouring every available distribution for the tiniest scrap of infringing code.


  28. Researches have shown, what Russians is most worse are able to use the documentation and longest search in Google for answers to questions – probably because is most worse know English language? And for the same reason the USA is absent in the list.

  29. Why are you dividing it up by country? I’d rather see a continuous texture of color showing urban areas and stuff rather than arbitrary country borders.

  30. Windows is becoming “passé”, the previous paradigm. The new paradigm is “Open Source”, freedom, software as a commodity, worldwide collaboration by motivated individuals (regardless of language, political borders, or skin color).

    Linux is also a leveraging force being used by the “disadvantaged” countries, where there is definitely no shortage of talent and enthusiasm.

    Look too at the rising popularity of scripting languages (Python, Ruby, etc.) over the traditionally commercial ones (Java, C#); the latter are starting to be considered “legacy”.

    Read Tim O’Reilly’s article on “Paradigm Shift”:

    Also read TIME magazine’s “Bill Gates: PC Genius, Internet Fool” article:,8599,1818989,00.html

  31. Here in Japan Linux is almost completely unknown, even by the net savvy. I think they equate something “free” as “cheap and inferior”. I’ve gotten many of my friends to try Ubuntu because of the readily available Japanese translation, however applications in Japanese are much harder to find. I prefer Linux because of the ease of switching back and forth between languages, but more needs to be done about character input before I can truly convert the curious.


  32. 1. To me, Cuba is no surprise. After all, is Microsoft even allowed to sell Windows to Cubans? Nice to see they are heavy Debian people.
    2. Why would Russia be so heavily into Linux, I wonder?

  33. @Whatever: Because “Linux sucks” is a different search term than “Linux”…

    @Huh: Dividing it up by country is a pretty natural way of dividing it up. Besides, this is what Google does in Insights for Search (on the world level) which is the tool we used.

    Oh my, people have such strange names these days… “Whatever” and “Huh”… 😉

  34. Indonesia is in the top five of four of the distributions because all the distribution in the top of choice have a local community support. These are ubuntu-id, opensuse-id, slackware-id and fedora-id (which also supporting red hat and centos). Beside the interesting price and open source vision, local community support make a different approach for Linux implementation in various area (government, education and corporate).

    Anyway, thank you for the statistic. It was a good news for all of Linux community in Indonesia

  35. Two factors come to mind that may skew your results.
    1) Search popularity. In places where Google has less market penetration you are getting only partial results. This disparity would need to be factored in.
    2) Internet penetration. Many areas have less access to the internet, this too would need to be factored.

  36. thank you very much. i really think ubuntu and opensuse is very popular in indonesia. and a lot of indonesian people got interested in GNU/Linux, beause of the finanial aspect, and the beauty of it. thank you, it’s very nice to see indonesia name in something good like this

  37. Hello. I’m from Russia. Thanks for you article.

    I came from — it’s a “russian slashdot”.

    First, i think that the most popular distro in Russia is… Ubuntu.
    It is an obvious on most forums threads.

    I don’t see many linux’es on PCs around (Windows has ~95% of our market), but there is no Mac also (too few, <1%). There is fantastic growing interest to different linux distros. In my organisation linux’es are user as internet servers or thinclients than connection to Windows via RDP. But i plan to change this in several months 😉

    About Gentoo: it is a very interesting distro, and I (and my friends) used it for some time.

    I think that we have many IT-interested people in Russia, but they often search “gentoo” in google. Many people using Ubuntu don’t use google; they just go to

    See ya.

    PS. Sorry for my English.

  38. I’m agree with pak Boyke. Many of Indonesians got interested in GNU/Linux because of financial aspects. Ubuntu is one of choices. On severals Software Freedon Day, Linux User Groups of Surabaya (KLAS - gave away Ubuntu CD for free (we got the CDs from Cannonical).

    Answering kang Frans Tamura and also Bli Made Wiryana about the difficulties to download Linux from Internet, KLAS had a repository server ( that connected to IIX-JI (East Java Indonesia Internet eXchange). We hope that repository can help the Linux users -especially that connected to IIX-JI, to get ISO or update their software for more conveniences.

  39. Hi there..its a good effort you guys have undertaken. I’m from India and I must say that ubuntu is becoming popular among desktop users, especially after recommendation from friends and the like. But actually with piracy rampant here, most newbies and casual users just accept a copied version of XP (yeah, very very few have switched to Vista on their own accord) as “free” and continue using it. And i guess Redhat’s popularity is due to the certification-stuff that the company gives., and also because many businesses and some govt. offices adopted it as an enterprise solution couple of years ago.

    I’m using Kubuntu 🙂

  40. So its clear that Linux is a poor persons/3rd world OS.

    It will never outsell windows until it gets some real appeal (ie OSX)and real usability.
    OSX is becoming more and more usable on PC hardware and I – like many others would rather pay to use that than use Linux for free, should apple ever go down that route.

    The linux community in general talks down to new users and assumes everyone whos using it is a programmer. The ui is 2nd rate on all distros. I played with Mandrake 6 years ago and ive played with ubuntu a month ago – nothing has changed except they have attempted to make it a little idiot-proof, which it actually isnt.

  41. what a great survey i’ve never thought that indonesia will come to the top five regarding linux users. Well ubuntu is very popular in Indonesia because people here can get the CDs without downloading the iso. Personally i use fedora for my desktop and server. Good job for the research!!!

  42. I am from Indonesia and I am agree with Pak Frans and Pak Made. Linux users in Indonesia is growing rapidly because the proprietary software like Windows is too expensive and in Linux we have lot of options and choices.
    And the good news is nowaday Indonesian students become more accustomed with Linux.

  43. William,

    Agreed you don’t see much Linux from the average Japanese consumer. Nor much awareness. In fact, I remember a study(2003/4?) that showed Windows usage in Japan was higher than the U.S. However….

    How many Japanese do you know are going to search for Linux in English? How many of them use google as opposed to Yahoo or Goo? Unless things have changed(certainly possible), Google is not the top-ranked search engine in Japan. Even in this report, Japan ranks 10th, a tie with Italy with a 55.0 index ranking. It’s not shown in the “list” to the left side though, as J follows I.

    Also, try Turbo Linux or Vine Linux as opposed to any of the distributions listed above. Not suprisingly, both of those are Japan-centric distributions. Secondly, BSD has traditionally had more of a presence in Japan particularly at the ISP/Corp level. I believe they tie Russia in that category for the top spot.

  44. 😀 i just hope czechs will see this 😀 Debian – they are in the same group with


    they are big democracy propagators you know. oh my

  45. again i repeat, this is not the right way to determine popularity in google insight…you are doing the same as for social media sites….

    don’t you guys wonder why china with the largest internet community does not figure in any of the lists?

  46. > The first Western country when looking at regional popularity is Germany which is the 10th country in regards to search popularity for Linux.

    So Cuba doesn’t count for you?

  47. @bob – one of my client in Indonesia is a big telco company who CAN (and has always) pay for their software licenses. However, they chose to use Linux because they’ve had enough with the hassle of managing their licenses. No matter how hard they try and what tools they’re using to manage it, they seem to be always falling behind.
    So they decided to get rid of the licenses altogether.
    This was also the idea behind my previous employers’, Birmingham City Council, migration to Open Source. Managing software licenses took quite some of resources they can use for something else more useful, lengthens the bureaucracies, slows down their support response time, and they still fell behind as well.
    If you read some of the proprietary software EULA’s, sometimes there’s an allowance for the software vendor to raid their customers and check for licensing compliance. This is not only pretty rude, but mostly very disruptive. This is the case with some schools in USA (and some other places) when they’re audited by Microsoft – rather than disrupting their IT operations with audit-related work, they instead paid the amount demanded by Microsoft.
    And this is the case as well in Indonesia – there have been reports of raids to businesses; airlines, banks, internet cafes, etc. In some cases, their computers ended up confiscated. Needless to say, this is very disruptive to their business operations.
    Another reason for the popularity of Linux in Indonesia is perhaps because we have choice here. A lot of vendors are selling computers with no operating system. Some are bundling Linux outright. One of my client is a hardware vendor who requested a customized version of Ubuntu for their Netbooks.
    My understanding is in Western countries, most of the desktops & laptops are already pre-bundled with Windows. That’s not always the case here in Indonesia.
    But it’s good to see that things are changing too over there. Ubuntu @ Dell seems to be a success, and from the news I found, looks like Dell is ready to bring it even further. And more vendors are planning to follow their footsteps. Here’s hoping that we shall enjoy the luxury of choice soon.
    The case with Mac OS X is more about perception. Perception of “polish” and usability. I know because my laptop for 2 years is a Mac, and I’m still struggling with it. But people tolerate the struggle because it’s supposed to be easy. And Macs are cool.
    I encountered similar argument sometime ago. I replied by showing screenshots of what appears to be a stunning Mac OS X desktop, only to reveal it later as Linux. Due to flexibility of Linux (and Unix in general), we can easily customize it to our liking. However, as long as it’s Linux, it will always be “hard to use, not user-friendly”. In this case, what’s needed is a campaign (ads?) for promoting the public image of Linux. Much like the popular Apple ads.
    Once the perception has been built, then people will be happy to flock to Linux, even if they have to struggle for it. Just like with Mac OS X.
    Also, my company currently serves migration projects from Windows to Linux. With the end-users, we put more emphasis on this psychological aspect. The technical aspects of the migration process is not a problem; we can compromise / work around it / find & develop the solution for it. The biggest problem is the non-technical ones – resistance to change (one of basic human traits), unfavourable perception of Linux, etc.
    Anyway, just some extra perspectives on the topic. Hope you’ll find it useful.

  48. I feel really proud to see Bangladesh topping the list of users of one popular Linux distro, Red Hat, and also becoming second for Fedora.

    Obviously, I am a Bangladeshi.

    I personally use Debian (and Ubuntu sometimes and love them) and never tried Red Hat and Fedora. But I’ve myself heard many people speaking of them. Ubuntu is also gradually gaining a hold here thanks to Canonical’s free shipment initiative.

    Wish someday we’d install Windows as the secondary, even tertiary, OS on our machines.

  49. I’m very surprised to see Moldova in the statistics,this is very small country without any strong linux society (I was born on Moldova and currently lie in Russia) I’m sorry for my english

  50. Africa…. Looking at the chart Africa is all yellow, but it is good to notice that the trendsetter countries in Africa such as Kenya and South Africa are on the uptake…. just give it a while. I promise you interest is peaking “down” here.

  51. I really wonder about the normalization, it should be multiplied by Google’s market share in % and divided by the overall population or something like that. Actually it’s even more complicated than that, what it really should be is to be divided by the population that has a computer. In short, I do not believe those numbers, unless google insights did it right which I doubt.

  52. >>don’t you guys wonder why china with the largest internet community does not figure in any of the lists?

    pirate Windows

  53. “eof8904” on “August 21” said “Access to Internet in Cuba is severely restricted by the state.” That could be true, but it’s very subjective that affirmation because there is a big objective cause for this problem: USA’s blockade to us, until now we have less band width to the full country than many domestic connections in some countries. With this condition, are there alternatives to the Cuban goverment?

  54. “Kartik Mistry” said “Probably next debconf can be held in Cuba”.
    I say: Will be VERY Wellcome 🙂

  55. Ubuntu is quite popular in India due to “ShipIt” but due to bandwidth vows people just revert back to Fedora. It’s not a factor in major metro cities since bandwidth is not a huge concern.

    I bet Ubuntu will overthrow Fedora if it ships a DVD edition to countries where bandwidth is a concern. I hope Ubuntu people are hearing…

  56. I live in the USA Florida and have used Linux for four years. I have tried Suse, Slackware and Ubuntu , using Ubuntu at the present. I have four computers at home and all run Linux. Linux where I live has greatly increase in popularity the last few years. When I am in stores buying parts the vendors mostly have a clue of Linux and how their hardware will work with Linux.

  57. It’s good for us (linux community). we must consistent to keep struggle go opensource. I’m sure this fact can motivate to get a great works on linux.

    Don’t give up.

  58. You shouldnt judge Linux popularity with Linux keyword as search term, this will end up inaccuracy of linux popularity, most Linuxer don’t search Linux or Ubuntu as their keyword, they are more likely to search for linux command or more technical keyword to finding a solution to their linux problem, the only person who search the keyword Linux or Ubuntu is a person who new to linux, which mean those results you produce are should be declare as “Linux Newbie Popularity”. I hope that make sense 😉

  59. I’m from Canada.
    My main computer is winxp (with firefox…I would not DARE use IE on the open internet thats just begging for trouble). My living room “guest” computer is Linux – ubuntu.

    Do I count as a windows user ? Or a linux user ?

  60. A lot of people around the world have heard of Utah being the capital of SCO, but it’s worth noting that there have been a lot of tech startups in Utah (and like many startups, some fail, some succeed). For example, Iomega (zip drives, etc.), Caldera Linux, Linux Networx (clustering), WordPerfect, Novell, among others.
    This may have something to do with the fact that Utah has a very young population, which is more willing to try out something different. Also, startups seem to be more common in Utah (and in the Western part of the US) than in the Eastern part of the US.

    ps. I’m not a Utahn, but I lived there for almost a decade.

  61. I live in Utah, and I am an active member of several Linux Users groups in the area. Recently at a PLUG (Provo Linux Users Group) meeting we had a presentation by someone out of state (I think he was an employee of Sun) on MySQL.
    One of his first comments when he began his presentation was that He had no idea that Open Source Communities were so large in Utah.
    As Utah grows, and many people attend college here, the word spreads to others about Linux and other such Open Source Technologies. I for one am not surprised to see Utah at such a high rate for Linux searches. Word of mouth travels fast here.

  62. One thing that has not been mentioned is that Utah has the youngest population in the country. Not only that, with a population of only 3 million, there are several major universities and many, many smaller universities and colleges. Almost everyone goes to college. Linux appeals to young, educated people.

    Another is that Utah was the home of WordPerfect (WP). Although it was swallowed up by Novell, it was a different kind of software company. With Novell and WP cranking out programmers and other tech savys, there are not only lots of computer people in Utah, but they have diversified viewpoints.

    As a professional programmer for many years, I’ve met many programmers in Utah, and know that even the most hard core Macophiles and Microsofties are intrigued by Linux and have at least dabbled with it.

    Finally, as to SCO, sure Caldera began in Utah and morphed into evil SCO, but don’t think there is any love lost in Utah on those guys. I’ve never ever heard of anyone here in Utah defending them. Au contraire, just the opposite is the case. We’d like to see them gone, too.

  63. There is tons of activity in Utah. Dozens of user groups, colleges, universities, etc. I just wish my university was just a little bit more interested. You’d almost think they were paid off by Microsoft. Anyway, tons of cool stuff happening around here.

  64. I second TPE’s observations that local Utahns don’t like SCO. I attended the famous SCO protest (“SCOtest”), and most locals in the tech industry feel that McBride is a joke and should go to jail.
    Occasionally (less often now) there’s an article in the Salt Lake City newspapers that sound sympathetic to him, but like almost all technology newspaper reporters, they have no idea what they’re talking about, since they are reporters, not techies.

  65. Not only this, I think there’s a Free/Open Source Software conference in Salt Lake City, Utah, this weekend (or somewhere else in Utah — anyone know for sure?). The Linux Users Group there is one of the most prolific in the U.S.

    Incidentally, SCO originated in Santa Cruz, California, before it was bought by Caldera and stopped making software and became a litigation company.

  66. I think the data gives very little information about the popularity of anything. The results for windows are about the same as Linux. How could Windows and Linux be popular in the same places? Cube, Russia, India and other are in the top ten of both.

  67. Larry Cafiero – The Utah Open Source Conference is in Salt Lake City next weekend.

    David – Windows can be popular in the same places because technology is probably a big part of the business, education, and hobby in those areas.

  68. I work as a web developer for based in Salt Lake City, all the dev work I do is with openSUSE from Novell which everyone knows by now is based in Provo Utah. On a side note one of the reasons the economy in Utah is so strong is because so much business is done locally.

  69. I totally disagree with you jah.

    Saying Brazil is on the top for slackware because WE are clueless. First, I am no a Linux guy, but I read, and from trusted sources, if you do a small search on Brazil regarding TI you’ll see how wrong you are, for either Linux usage or anything related to it.

    By the way, just try DreamLinux (8th position on, which is a Brazilian distro.

    You can say Ubuntu and Fedora are better, sure they are, as a distro, but you, someone who states we try do “look smart”, should be smart enough to know what really matter on the linux system is the base, distros are prepared to work for specific masses, either a company, end users, servers, etc.

    With slackware you can do a custom build, very stable and without using as many system resources as Ubuntu and Fedora. Try running Ubuntu on 16MB of RAM smart guy. And don’t come saying why would you need this, what I am saying is that you can have a choice, why would you need 256 of ram to have a proxy server or something like this?

    I don’t support slackware, I just wrote all this so that you can think twice before doing such superficial comment.

    If I was like you I could say Brazil is not there because we don’t need to Google for help, thats why you don’t see Brazil at the ranks, if you had a survey asking the country and which OS you use then we would see the real thing.

    Do never underestimate anyone, you never know what may come to you on the next day.

  70. I’m not surprised that ubuntu is very popular in norway I experience that people in the norwegian linux forums start topics about ubuntu compared to other distros

  71. One missed fact from Utah that most won’t know, we built a State wide network for K-12 education, tied to the Higher Ed. schools starting back in 1999. The per capita of computers to people in Utah was #1 in the US for a time but has dropped into the top ten now I believe. Yet the big info. is that many of the schools have moved to dual boot or move to Linux in the classroom. Lost of students learning linux….

  72. The low Linux rankings for the US, “old” Europe, and Australia etc are probably due to Microsoft having got in there twenty years ago when there was no effective opposition. Once you have a monopoly and are the de-facto standard, you are hard to beat, however dismal your product. I have to support my wife’s XP, and I can assure you that next to Debian it is truly lamentable. As computer use spreads, Microsoft is not always seen as the standard, and cheaper, more robust OSes stand a chance of acceptance.
    Curiously, one factor in Microsoft’s success was the ease with which DOS and Windows could be copied. Also in those days they insisted that every licensed PC had to have its own set of floppies, so workplaces were awash with surplus sets of discs, complete with manuals. I wonder how much this was a deliberate ploy to saturate the market? Now that they have the market of course they are keen to prevent copying, while Ubuntu will post CDs to you for free.

  73. Coming from India, I feel very proud about this 🙂

    Although, I’m not sure how much India “contributes” towards Linux. Again this may be subjective as interest can, and also not, include contribution. But we do have developers and designers working towards it.

    All in all, it feels great to see India and Linux up there, in the same vicinity.

    Linux rocks, my India rocks!!

  74. Great.. NOT!

    Let’s try the term “Microsoft” and we will see:

    1. India

    2. Singapore

    3. Sri Lanka

    4. Trinidad and Tobago

    5. Jamaica

    6. United States

    7. Kenya

    8. Philippines

    9. South Africa

    10. Malaysia

    Let’s try the Term “Windows”:

    1. India

    2. Sri Lanka

    3. Cuba

    4. Russian Federation

    5. Nicaragua

    6. Bangladesh

    7. Pakistan

    8. Dominican Republic

    9. Jamaica

    10. Guatemala


    1. Portugal

    2. Honduras

    3. Guatemala

    4. Costa Rica

    5. Puerto Rico

    6. Russian Federation

    7. Germany

    8. Mauritius

    9. Sri Lanka

    10. El Salvador


    Seems that windows leads in the “linux countries” too.

    By the way, I am from Germany. And I assure you, around 93-95% run Windows. So much for the – “The first Western country when looking at regional popularity is Germany which is the 10th country in regards to search popularity for Linux” – comment, and how important that google stat is in the real life.

  75. I am from India, and I agree that Red Hat and Fedora are the most popular. Next comes Ubuntu. But I have a VERY IMPORTANT point to say here which is a product of my own research:

    In India, the majority who use Fedora/Red Hat are aged atleast 25, or are in higher technical education or are working. Its because red hat was the only company back in the 1990s in India which spread linux commercially. So its the most used in professional feilds where people hate making a dramatic switch in environment. Also, these people are also sometimes linux users from teenage, when the only distro commonly available to them was Red Hat.

    BUT, Ubuntu is HIGHLY, I mean HIGHLY popular among high school students. Because the younger generation lives in the world where nearly every magazine related to computing has given a disc of ubuntu free with it at some point of time. Infact, these people think ubuntu and linux mean one and the same. They identify linux with ubuntu and vice-versa. But other distros are less known in this age group. Even linux n00bs read about ubuntu at some point or the other.



    Me ? I am 17 and I use Arch Linux 😀

  76. Slackware is hugely popular in Bulgaria. Many of us started using Slackware in the late 90’s and still use it today. That leads to most of the new people in the IT field using the same. I still support 10-server compile farm, running Slackware 9.1, built five years ago, and Patrick is kind enough to still issue security updates for it.

  77. I believe Ubuntu is the most popular distro in [b]India[/b].also ,lot of corporates implemented Debian based projects.Fedora/RedHat comes a distant second.

    this poll is obviously wrong ,when it showed the distro popularity results.
    but it is correct ,that Linux interest is very high in India especially South India(Bangalore,Madras as you foreigners knew only these 2 cities 😛 ).
    M$ is trying very hard for a share in India ,though failing miserably.many pro-m$ people are given money and wealth’s to bash Linux and Open Source.this happens in many popular Indian sites and forums.

    this sort of marketing(bashing the enemy) is very high in India via internet attacks.for eg : DTH service providers also does the same.

  78. Well it is good to know that there are a significant number of Red Hat and Fedora users in Nepal too. The reason behind this may be that it is more stable than the other popular operating system in the market.

  79. @Prakash: just because YOU use Debian, it doesn’t mean that its the main distro in corporate sector. That award goes to Red Hat Enterprise Linux. I have a bunch of relatives and friends who use RHEL at work, and they all agree that most companies prefer only RHEL in India.

    PS: I see that you still haven’t lost your old prejudice against *certain* people and that you still throw random links at the end of posts 😀

  80. I’m a Canadian from Vancouver and I think Gnu/Linux is gaining huge popularity here. An amazing amount of people know about the OS and Ubuntu specifically. Tons of commercial support growing and with all the install fests going on it will only get bigger.

  81. For anyone wondering why china is not present here:


    And most chinese use it. Its not in the list and hence its not here.
    From some reviews I have seen of it, its a pretty good distro.
    I still don’t understand why you left it out along with Arch Linux. 🙁

    One more thing: India has the world’s second largest population after china, but little do most people know that it also has the second largest internet user community, again after china. So I think its pretty obvious why many in India search for linux. Its simply a question of sheer numbers.

  82. Interesting statistics for distros, so I thought I would provide some for a typical Linux application (

    My site averages around 18,000 page hits per month. Here is a list of the top 10 countries:

    1) USA (~25 %)
    2) Germany (~8 %)
    3) Italy
    4) Turkey (may be an anomaly, because most users don’t get past the homepage)
    5) UK
    6) France
    7) Spain
    8) Canada
    9) Brazil
    10) Australia

    Russia appears at 11th place, India appears at 15, China 22, Cuba is way down the list at 115 (presumably they don’t do much video editing there).

    As far as US states go:

    1) California (~8%)
    2) Florida
    3) New York
    4) Texas
    5) Illinois

    Utah is down at 25, (below Missouri), and Wyoming has the least hits (just 3 in a month).

  83. Hi, I come from India. Myself a student of computer science in one of India’s leading engineering college. Although Fedora is official OS of college(used in most of the labs) but student community is mostly using ubuntu on their linux workstation. Ubuntu is growing in India, although red hat and fedora dominate the scene.


  84. Cuba is traying to migrate to free software all goverment’s institutions, including Universities and researching centers. Thats why GNU/Linux (Debian and Debian based Distros like (U,K,X)buntu) are very popular. Cuba has a poor internet conecction thanks to the U.S goverment and his blockade, that’s why many people hasn’t internet at home.

  85. hi,
    I am a user of Ubuntu in Tunisia
    it’s very interesting to see this pattern of distribution by region
    and I wish to inform you that the first distribution in Tunisia is Ubuntu

    you can join us on ubuntu-tn (on the canal on freenode -IRC-)

  86. i didn’t expect to see russia nowhere near the top. yet the u.s. was my first choice. and i think generally it’s true.

    going briefly through the insights documentation, i found 2 possible flaws:

    1. they do not consider regional user base characteristics
    2. diversity of terms is out of scope

    now let me explain.

    1. the bulk of active user base in russia are young people (roughly up to 35). naturally, this is the age of exploration, trying things, and being cool. and linux has a good wow-factor. so, a fair amount of them are looking for linux related topics.

    2. more so, predominant majority of this user base are men. and you can imagine that an average 20-something young lad will not be looking for a new diet or real estate, but rather girls, cars, technology, etc. in general, a restricted group of topics.

    3. there’s one more variable – presence of a strong regional search engine. in russia – it’s yandex. very popular and preferred by many over google.

    all this may significantly alter the result, as it adds constraints to the set we’re working on, making it non-representative. thus, it gives more value to linux related terms.

    i’m not familiar with the situation in india or cuba. but i’m positive that their results can be explained in a similar manner.

  87. I’m originally from Antigua, a small tropical paradise in the middle of the Caribbean, but I’m presently in Trinidad where I’m studying at the University of the West Indies. There’s allot happening in the English-speaking Caribbean, especially here in Trinidad, that’s accelerating the adoption of Linux into our computing communities.

    The internet here is blooming since the arrival of more competition in this sector. In fact it has resulted in the near elimination of dial-up in most of the region. Here in Trinidad, all dial-up customers are being switched over to ADSL 2+ because of steady competition from the major Cable company. PC sales are up as a result, especially since many retailers are selling locally built PCs at hire purchase. There are some brand names like Dell and Acer but they cost thousands more.

    The locally built PCs always come with windows pre-installed, but most times it’s done so illegally. Most PCs sold in the Caribbean run a hacked version of windows xp. It creates problems for many users when they eventually need to reinstall the OS because at least half never get a copy of the installation cd. Some of those have switched to Linux so that their kids will still have a PC at home that works. Then there’s the Vista debacle. Vista OEMs discs made it to the display cases of some local builders but they couldn’t sell them…not even windows basic was affordable. Vista PCs required more ram and a graphics card- increased selling cost. They couldn’t hack the DRM so the new windows is no longer ‘free’ software – at least for the moment. The store i get my parts from told me they had to scrap any idea of selling Vista because the other stores were selling XP machines at much lower prices. You see, people here don’t buy machines because of any particular OS. If it’s cheaper and works, they’ll buy it for their kids. Recently, many of these same builders have been dabbling with Linux based systems, and a few have begun to sell dual boot systems with Ubuntu and XP. This was apparently done to offset what little impact the Vista systems being sold by Dell was having on the market. So it turns out that Vista’s DRM is helping Ubuntu and a few other distros to become established alternatives to moving towards the more expensive Vista options.

    But that’s not the whole story. The internet is playing a major role in promoting Linux via word of mouth. Many people are finding out about Linux from relative and friends abroad in places like Canada, the US and England. Young teens with internet access are downloading Linux distro from the net and dual-booting them with windows. Linux is being treated like a form of antivirus for windows, based on what I’ve seen promoted on Trinidad-based online forums. It’s still early days, but Linux is becoming part of the discussion more and more whenever someone complains of a PC problem in the forums. In my view, Linux is set to become mainstream as long as the price of adoption of Vista remains high. If Windows 7 ends up being anywhere as expensive as Vista is, Linux will have a permanent home in the Caribbean in the next decade.

    By the way, I’m typing this from my own ubuntu/xp hybrid…wouldn’t have it any other way. I know some who posted here think it’s too much of a bother. So wrong. Because i have two OSes, if one fails to boot, i can still use my machine to fix it, download drivers, antiviral updates, fixes etc. I also benefit from using an environment immune to windows viruses and spyware to perform the bulk of my online activities; this protects my windows installation. I save both time and money because of using Ubuntu. It’s great not to have to worry about viruses and spyware when you’re surfing the net.

  88. don’t forget that 2/3 of east Europe use Cyrillic and there is no counts for that.
    Specially Russia, Bulgaria and Makedonia

  89. Another reason for people outside the US taking to Linux is security. They don’t trust an American company not to put an NSA backdoor in thier software.

  90. Hi,
    It is great to know that India is among the top countries with people interested in Linux. But, doing a state/region wise distro usage in India would have been really helpful. By the way, I use Debian.

  91. @Gautham There reason that most people go for RHCE is not because it is great, but because the RedHat offers 24×7 enterprise support. Moreover, Debian is the preferred OS for most development activities, because of the varieties of packages that it ships with. Using one set of Debian DVDs, you can setup a mail server, web server, DB server, Proxy server, Firewall server, LDAP auth server, etc. at the server end and you can use the same set of DVDs to make your systema a simple desktop. All this at no cost and with the excellent support from the community. Moreover, the marketing policies of Redhat are more like some other proprietary companies.

    PS: Sorry, this is not a flame bait. I do acknowledge that Fedora/Redhat has some excellent features, but I just let out my opinion.

  92. I think RH and Fedora are not popular in Russia because the most popular way to access Internet in Russia is PPTP VPN over Ethernet. RH and Fedora unlike Ubuntu and SUSE do not provide user-friendly tools to connect PPTP VPN server.

  93. I from Guatemala, i use ubuntu in my place, my brother use sabayon his wife use ubuntu, in my job i use nicolinux based in puppy, i think most people here use ubuntu, sorry for my english.

  94. I’m from Argentina.. I’m an Ubuntu user…

    I can surelly afirm that Ubuntu and Debian are the most used here…

    In fact, a popular thing that my college is doing are the “install fests”… Lots of people bring their PCs and laptops to install (mostly) Ubuntu and Debian.

  95. Great to see that 4 of the South Asian country are in TOP 10 Linux search. I am from Nepal and FOSS is piking up very fast. No doubt, We have Communities of Ubuntu and Fedora user in FOSS movement. But there is strong RedHat demand from corporate and educational institute. They are offering RHCE and other courses. Also, OpenSuse is also used in few (in my contact) development organizations.

    @Pingdom: Not everyone use Google.May be we might also consider insight from other search engines, which might bring us more closer to the more real picture

  96. On Facebook, this is the order of Distro popularity by no. of fan/group members which ever is higher

    1) Ubuntu
    18,452 fans

    2) Debian
    2,925 fans

    3) Gentoo
    2,151 members (Gentoo Linux Users)

    3) FreeBSD
    1,165 members (FreeBSD Users Group)

    4) Kubuntu
    1,086 members (Kubuntu)

    5) Fedora
    962 members (Fedora Core Rocks!)

  97. This is more indicative of economic status than anything else. Compare these graphs to ones created for the search terms “windows xp” or “windows 2008”. They are nearly identical. Furthermore, most of these searches will include the word “torrent”.

  98. I am popularizing Kubuntu LINUX. It is based on DEBIAN and its networking out of the box works great.

    Now, regarding to virtualization v/s WINE —- using sun’s now bought over “virtualbox” I find that WINE is not installing an old version of my WINDOWS C++ environment, so I would prefer virtualization —- available from SUN I guess which runs any Windows / DOS combination on your machine.

    Since your memory grows exponentially (1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB) you can easily support virtualization.

    And yes internet explorer runs on LINUX.


  99. In addition to the high tech industry and much higher than average computer use in schools, Utah has the Mormon Church and its huge missionary effort. This has several important effects. It makes Utah one of the best places to study foreign languages. It means that Utah has much greater awareness of development issues around the world than is usual in the US. Returned missionaries are ripe for the idea of Software Freedom, because Linux is the low-cost alternative, and because users have the freedom to adapt it to any language and to any local requirements. Also, Mormons are used to being out of the “mainstream”. They are somewhat less likely to assume that a majority is right just because it is a majority.

    I will be interested to see what happens in your study when several hundred thousand schoolchildren using Linux on One Laptop Per Child XO computers come out into the world. Soon to be millions. See for the numbers.

  100. % of users using NoScript etc to block unwanted scripts are far more larger on Linux than Win, cause they’re more educated in security, so final results may be a litle bit better than this

  101. There was someone who wondered about Africa.

    There is not tooo much computers there yet, and 99,9 of them run Windows without a license, witch means that they will drown in viruses, problems and never really get going.

    But there are some projects going on to resolve this.

    Its a very exciting time to live in, when it comes to Linux, due to the incredible flexibility of most unix and linux operating systems.


  102. Being from Czech Republic, I must rant a bit – I would not consider us being in the east (nor poland or hungary – or greece).

  103. As my fellow drew said, the Czech Republic shall not be considered as some east desert ;]. But stick to the topic – GNU/Linux, among BSD-based systems, is widely-spread among the public and students/admins as well (and no – it’s not because of low income :P). There are also many machines with Windows nor Mac on it, although I’d like to say otherwise.

  104. I notised that Bobo from Russia searched the term “Ubuntu” in cyrilic language (Russian letters). If you add Western letters to the search, the result will differ – e.g.




    With that said, checking derivates of Ubuntu, as Linux Mint, I see that this is a very popular distro in my home country Norway. I also thinkt that new mini pcs as Acer One will show in the statistics with regards to Linpus (Fedora derivate):


  105. I think Ubuntu and fedora rock.
    ubuntu is more user friendly and fedora is also stable with Gnome
    but how feasible is using synaptic or apt-get or Yum especially in places whree people use dialup??
    thats where linux’s popularity goes down.

  106. wow.. what surprising me is that Indonesia is in the top five of four of the distributions….now i’m proud being indonesian…bravo for indonesian and open software..:)

  107. Hello,

    I am from India. I agree with some of our friends comments above. The current situation in Inida wrt Linux is simply amazing. People have satrted using Linux right from University level then going with Red Hat courses offered here from some reknowned institution.

    Currently Red Hat, Fedora and this year Ubuntu has become so attractive.

    I have a friend circle which talks about “Linux Server”, RHLC, Cent OS. Many people including me though wont work on linux in office but have Linux Ubuntu or Red Hat or Fedora installed in personal computer at home.

  108. A problem with migrating to Linux is the fact that most PCs (desktops,laptops) are purchased with pre-installed Microsoft software , be it Windows XP or Vista.
    And that the warranty applies to hardware + installed software.
    Here in the UK many vendors consider the (usually 1 year) warranty as void when the user removes M$ software ,replacing it by Linux or BSD etc or making it dual boot.
    Dedicated Linux PCs are available but are surprisingly more expensive than hardware with pre-installed M$ software.
    Unless there are more ‘unfair competition’ complaints regarding pre-installed M$ software and the current warranty regime is maintained , Linux will have a hard time to become the dominant OS , if ever (sadly)

    Frank in northern Scotland

  109. Indonesia, i work for linux user groups in Surabaya call KLAS (Kelompok Linux Arek Suroboyo), we try to introduce linux all over the school in here, so they can develop their IT curriculum with a new face :-). Hopefully about 4 years further we can have a brand new tought about education

  110. I am Indonesian, and i know what my country need is Free and Open Source Operating System… Linux of course!
    Many years ago computer was very expensive in Indonesia, and Windows is the leader in computer OS. Now, we can see Linux dominated in many major aspect of life. Most of laptop use Linux here, Internet Cafe use linux too, home desktop, PDA, and in education we use linux. Many people here use dual-OS (Windows and Linux), most of them use Linux-inside-Windows. Now we can see that Linux is in our heart…
    we hate non-free OS…
    we prefer develop Free OS and Ubuntu is the Friendly User here…
    We love Linux because it’s viruses-free…

    Good by Windows..
    Good by ilegal OS..
    Good by non-Free-OS..
    Welcome for Linux… all of Linux platform

    Windows akan musnah dari bumi Indonesia dalam kurun waktu kurang dari 10 tahun ke depan sepanjang harga OS legal masih mahal. Juga akan musnah bila masih sering meng-Operasi OS illegal di setiap sudut negeri ini. Karena rakyat Indonesia lebih suka beli beras dan BBM daripada beli Windows Original. So, Pilih mana, Windows Original dengan harga Rp.100 ribu atau MUSNAH DARI BUMI INDONESIA? itu PR buat Microsoft!!! Mohon maaf jika komentar saya menggangu dan terima kasih karena sudah dibaca dan dicermati.

    🙂 Linux
    🙁 Windows
    😐 others

  111. It’s amazing that some people are actually thinking this is a competition rather than simply statistics of popularity related to Linux distributions. This isn’t a competition people! Grow up. But keep in mind the results is a guesstimate and shouldn’t be taken too seriously.

  112. Please pardon my verbosity in advance.
    It seemed a bit strange that the U.S. didn’t rank highly on the charts at first but, then again, there are obvious reasons for this (in my opinion). First, MS brought the computer into the home, essentially, though Mac was there for those with more money and with serious focus on a particular subject, e.g. art. And even though we think of ourselves as individualists, we tend “to go with the flow”, and we are afraid of change. I began with Win 3.1 and followed through to XP, though in the XP days I started to check out Linux (OpenSUSE), but I wasn’t ready to drop Windows. As everyone knows, once you have MS-compatible software you face a tough situation. Also, we tend to stay in the “comfort zone” no matter how much trouble we have.
    Secondly, MS spends millions on advertising, which in essence is a great way to brainwash the people of the U.S. Show us an advertisement with flash and we’re hooked, if we aren’t already. Linux doesn’t advertise much which is all but the kiss of death here.
    Then of course there is the fact that a new computer comes with Windows, unless one actually has knowledge/desire to search for one with another OS, and that is rare. My latest computer came with Vista and since it was on special, didn’t even offer an XP “downgrade”, so I bought a fresh copy of XP. Problem solved, right? Wrong! XP didn’t recognize my HD, so I was p’ed. However, good advice came from “LINUX_newbies”, a Yahoo group. Install Linux Mint and VirtualBox and put XP there. Problem solved! (Thanks, Loyal!)
    Bottom line…anyone who isn’t using Linux is missing out, but at least it’s here, and getting better all the time.
    P.S. There are so many great distro’s out there, as everyone knows, but if you haven’t tried Mint you must! Great desktop, great hardware recognition (it even found my WiFi), and, since it’s built on Ubuntu, great repository.

  113. @mr. sabri, the Indonesian government task is to foster a conducive environment for open source development and movement in Indonesia. The fact that Blankon (developed by the ubuntu community) grow rapidly and widely used by computer users in Indonesia, shows that the government have done a good job 😀

  114. I don’t think all of these people are interested in just a kernel. I’m sure that the GNU tools and other projects are more of interest to people so can we call it GNU+Linux. Don’t get me wrong the Linux kernel is the bees knees but I think calling what is being searched for GNU+Linux might be more fitting.

  115. I come from Poland and it seems pretty strange to me that Poland is mentioned in the list (Mandriva). Polish government is close-source oriented (agreements with Microsoft). A few organizations try to change it but it is quite difficult. Polish school teaches old, closed technologies: attending to school you learn Microsoft Word, Excell, PowerPoint. But it depends mostly on teachers who are taught close-source from the cradle.

    But there is a little light at the end of the tunnel: recently Polish Electronic Communication Office (UKE) has supported Jabber and adopted it: and it happened in result of a few enthusiasts who persuaded officials. 🙂

  116. While I like this study, I find the methodology a bit dubious. Here in Germany Ubuntu is pushed by the very lively Ubuntu website (, and chances are most german users get their install files through them. Since they also have a big wiki and forum, you probably will go there once you encounter any problems. Fact is, although I started four years ago with Ubuntu, I cannot remember when I ever googled a problem, I just went straight to the website and looked there for advice.

  117. I really think that cpanel has a LOT to do with this. Currently, cpanel does not work with any Linux other than RH or RH-derivatives like Fedora or CentOS. I’m a huge Ubuntu fan, so this is disappointing. Sure, we can use webmin, but it’s not as smooth as cpanel.

    But anyway, without cpanel support, it means that several hosting providers have avoided Ubuntu, which hurts Debian and Ubuntu stats.

    I really think should take this matter seriously and try to work with the cpanel team, or come up with a cpanel-knockoff.

  118. They don’t pay attention to Asia.
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  119. Utah, represent! Glad to see we’re at such a high level in the Linux world there. 
    As far as why Utah is so high, it’s hard to say since I don’t have direct evidence to back me up, so take whatever I say as my own personal opinion.
    First, Utah actually has quite a few tech companies, like, Omniture, Xmission, and So naturally we have the business presence to make getting into Linux for a job quite attractive. And there’s even a website dedicated to Utah’s own “silicon slopes” that is all about tech companies in Utah. Here’s their website:
    A major area of tech company development is in Provo, where we recently just got Google Fiber. But one big reason why we got Fiber was because we already had the infrastructure of fiber optic cables in place. So really Google doesn’t have to build anything. They may have to upgrade some areas to meet their standards for Fiber, but really the Provo Valley is already wired for fiber optic internet. 
    Utah is also very business friendly with laws that are favorable for businesses (liquor laws are very strict though, and restaurants run into licensing issues). And because we have lots of companies here to employ people the whole area is growing rapidly. We actually fared much better in the recession than many other states and have posted much lower unemployment rate than the rest of the nation since 2008. We have been getting a lot of attention from big companies lately too and many are building offices here. Adobe just built a huge facility 25 minutes from where I live, and the area they built in isn’t too far from a big microchip manufacturer, Micron, and EMC has offices here too. And that whole area will likely fill up with many more tech companies, both start ups and established companies, in the coming years. 
    And the need for IT for other non-tech companies also drives the use, and interest in Linux. We have engineering, biomedical, healthcare, and other industries that rely on a good IT workforce.
    And actually I’m a Computer Science major right now and have been looking at my career options, and I could stay here in Utah easily and be a part of the exciting tech scene going on here.
    Lastly, Utahns have a high interest in Linux because we’re just cool like that. I picked up Linux because I thought it would be cool to learn. I’m still a noob, but I’m having loads of fun with it.

  120. @infamous I’m a Mint fan. But I’m thinking it got lumped in with Ubuntu since it’s Ubuntu based. 
    Don’t worry though, Mint is forking off more and more to the point where I think it will get it’s own honorable mention increasingly over time. Mint just came out with their Debian edition and cut out Ubuntu completely, so it remains to be seen if the Mint project will go that way as whole eventually, which would actually drop some of the Ubuntu numbers because Mint would become a direct competitor instead of just a child of Ubuntu.

  121. @Edward Cherlin Ah yeah, I didn’t think of the LDS Church. I just posted about all the big tech companies in Utah. But the LDS Church has a pretty big IT presence as well.

  122. Ah, I think I figured a big part of the Utah connection out! Novell is headquartered here. And in 2003 Novell bought SUSE, which contributes to OpenSUSE. 
    You must forgive me I’m still a Linux noob so I wasn’t aware of the connection.

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